Maurice Fabien Nitsche -
Update About Me Infra x Typos Projects
Contact Me Infra x Typos -
The Basic Idea - Forms, Medium, Movement & Typologies - Architecture is always in context to built and unbuilt environment. Often unseen is the movement and timing by users and our habits. As architects, it is our task to develop buildings, woven in technical and material forms, motionless in a context designed by landscape and urban planners as well as regional planners. Our future and the current developements in technological and scientific progress gives us a foreseen view on a jump in mobility and infrastructure. The globe is almost discovered and conquered by foot, bike, car, train, ship, planes and even rockets. The globe is meausured and divided in mathematical terms. Planet Earth is strictly woven by a mesh of information and infrastructures. With its different layers of political, infrastructural, economical and climatic influences, earth is conquered by mankind. We put several new layers to the existing topographical ones, there were before. Earth's surface is redefined by new spaces and borders, an invention by mankind. Architects are not just involved in repeating the same typologies over years, decades and millenias. Architects were always there to develop new typologies, depending on different functions. Buildings that adapt to new inventions, discoveries and even borders, spaces and to conquer these. Even this has to happen on a regional, country-wide and even global scale. In times like ours, after uniting the world after two world wars, nationalities are arising once more. While organizations and economical agencies take over the global politics, the country's leaders as well as governments hark back on national politics. Parallel societies evolve by economical global developments and national political developments. As technologies develop and new spaces are defined, we as archtects have to adopt to the given task and rethink architecture and especially typologies in the global and infrastructural context. Adaptable to new problems and givers of solutions, new typologies are emerging. Now we are again at the verge or revolution of conquering a new space, the space. At the same time, we are still improving old technologies and optimize our mobility on earth, our towns, our streets. Smart cars, flying cars, drones and faster planes are just examples. what's to come. All new technologies trigger new developments in space, cities, buildings and architecture. As politics become economics on a global scale, architecture itself will become partly indistingiuishable from global infrastructure. Emerging Typologies - Architecture nowadays is woven into a mesh of distant functions. We as user only recognize the Front End of it. The economical processes of products and services are connected to several steps of production, placed on different parts in the world. Thereby the several typologies are connected and each fullfill an assigned task. By economics and production, architecture und its typologies become part of an unrecognizable global mesh or as Keller Easterling calls it: Medium. She takes the position, to concentrate on developing fields of designing the linked actions, rather than design the form of it. A position similar to Benjamin Bratton's Plattform Design and a critic expressed in her recent publication Medium Design: "Medium Design: It is not what you think. It is not new. It is not right. It is not magic. It is not free. It does not always work. The oncologist follows not only the tumor but also the chemical fluctations in surrounding tissues. ... The architect sees not only buildings with shapes and outlines but also the matrix of activities that inflects them. ... Still, while medium thinking is practiced in many disciplines, it is perhaps under-rehearsed in the face of more dominant or ingrained cultural habits. Culture is good at pointing to things and calling their name but not so good at describing the relationships between things or the repertoires they enact." Opposed to her take on this, i truly believe in the consequences we as architects have to consider carefully and implant into our approach of our designs. Not just the current typologies we develop, but also on the approach we take on new tasks, we will be confronted by. These so called Emerging Typologies, will adapt to new functions, that arise by the technological and political developments. Architecture of the global scale, influenced and triggered by actions in the far distance and used as infrastructure. The last centuries already gave us new informational typolgies like Server Farms, Rocket Starting Pads, Giga Factories or logistical Centers, that cultivated our countrysides. Now again at the verge of new inventions and new functions, new typologies emerge. At the same time mobility, global and extraterrestrial, will give us new typologies and rethink the relationship of architecture and infrastructure and even the definition of infrastructural space or if it becomes architectural space itself and vice versa. Typologies - Imagine, currently there are several governmental and private cooperations or organizations, that are developing new types of rockets, not standardized, to conquer the future space. Each of them is trying to operate on their own compound or spaceport. Compare this situation to the aircraft and its developments in the beginning of the last century. Not each aircraft company has its own airport, or throws its rockets away after one used mission. The spaceport as cousin of an airport is an emerging typology that is designed already. Exmaples of it are delivered by Foster + Partners or in case of Hyperloop by BIG. Both also examples of infrastructural organization and architecture, arise from studies to real designs and new typologies. In another case the European Union wished to process goods and samples from space in a new typology. As derivation of a lab, to handle samples carefully under the standards and recommodations of safety and security. The project called EURO CARES assembles serveral professions and research positions at universities, museums and free experts, as well as architects and tasks them to develop a new typology for processing these goods and samples from space, landed on the earth's surface. Together with architects and lab specialists, this task was given the students at the TU Vienna, to design such a facility by the scientific and technical input of experts. The resulting design interconnected from space asteroids, through rocket, plane, cargo, processing units, inhabits a new function, unseen before and can be seen as a global infrastructure, if not even further with its reach into space. It is truly an important topic to set standards for safety regultions. This shows the importance and influence architecture has in politics, security, post-global issues and economy. The resulting design is called the European Sample Curation Facility. For my master thesis i developed the concept of New Lands, a design that connects the issue of privatized spaceports and processing goods from space on earth. A new typology as well as a typology of conquerism of new spaces was born. Open for starting, landing and maintaining rockets and its parts, similar to processes in aircraft. A network of global spaceports enables rocket companies to start by fees and reassemble their rockets on different locations on earth. The design on Gibraltar was only a part of an emerging network of gateways to space and was called New Lands. Think further, the connection it has in the so called medium are reaching not just to Gibraltar. If you consider the effects it has, in logistics, we as mankind will develop further typologies outside of earth. And these task will combine, as mentioned, architecture with infrastructure. How do we get to Mars if the rockets are as uncomfortable as our other transportation systems? Would you live half a year inside your car? Do we have to rethink architecture? The emerging typologies as well as our transportational systems will evolve into one unit. So we have to reconsider the space we produce. Just think about what if our cars will drive autonomously, what happens to the user? What will we be capable of to do in the times, we will be forced to be in Autobahn space? Will we redevelop the space of the highways for entertainment and pleasure? As far as we think of the logistical efforts to conquer mars are insane. For an international competition i designed a solution based on current developments in rocket science and the possibility to transform rocket parts to architecture by combining it with in-situ materials, that will be pre-printed in time of arrival by mankind. The design, called Plus Ultra, takes a look into the questions of what specific marsian architecture could look like, if we combined the contextual materials and requirements with prefabrication.
European Sample Curation Facility - A typology for hosting samples from space
New Lands - A typology of conquerism - spaceport on Gibraltar
Plus Ultra - Logistical concept for Mars and an automated arrival typology
Infra x Typos - These three mentioned designs are just examples of emerging typologies and are part of a research project called Infra x Typos, that combines ideas for future typologies. Not only does it consist of practical designs, but also a research project i did as theoretical thesis for my graduation project. In the future new designs and theoretical positions on emerging topics will be combined under Infra x Typos, as a collaborative and interdisciplinary project of research, practical designs and think-tanks at universities and the economy. Frontiers, was a catalogue based on events in mankinds history in discoveries and conquerism of space. By looking at certain events in our common history, we are possible to derivate certain behaviors or developments. But Frontiers is also a research project on the architectural typolgies that arose in times of conquerism, technological developments and especially on transformation of transportation. Thereby the catalogue is sorted by chapters of conquerism of land, water, air and the orbit. Frontiers - Mankinds Explorerism - For the last 12 000 years the human being was historically and sociolocigally a young settled being. Against our knowledge of the the settledness and what we call home, the human being first settled as the processes of civilization started. In different periods the Homo Sapiens developed from a pack-living prehuman in times of the mass exodus to the nomadism. Afterwards developments of secularization began and now we develop to an mulitplanetary species. This evolving process has not stopped. By analyzing the past processes, we can predict patterns for our own future. At distinguish points in the human development repeatedly several individuals, technological developments or spritual, scientific, soziological or political influences stood for an explosion in the human’s process of civilization and began a new era in mankind’s history.
A catalogue - ... of explorerism and conquerism in mankind’s history. In six chapters. Amazed by the topics of space, borders, explorerism and the process of the different high cultures and their civilizations i began to deal with these topics in my master theory. Fundamentally the question arose, what explorerism and conquerism of spaces and borders mean. On the base of different ideas and understanding of spaces and borders in a sociological-philosophical way, i researched the different eras in mankind’s history. At the same time i looked at the different revolutions, like the neolithic, the cognitive or the industrial, which always meant an jump in the scale of mankind. An exponential development, which brings us to today. Coherently to the civilizational development the technical developments allowed mankind to overstep new spaces and borders. Bit by bit a pattern of jumps in scale are recognizable, which repeat theirself and show new borders or conquerism of space and the measurements of keeping the civilizational spaces and their cultures. Every era in mankind’s history has its own architectural infrastructure, that have been necessary to survive. The latest jump in scale resulted by the second World War and its space race and the globalization in the last century. The following pages are a short summary of the several chapters, that were created as theory, followed by its thesis that builds the base for the design. Summary - The current status quo of the globalized civilization clearly was not a linear process of becoming one civilization. There have always been setbacks in mankind’s process of civilization and the holding of conquered spaces and borders. These conflicts between empires, religions, states and of ethniological clearance are accounted in the chapters. The first chapter - The Formation of Space - is about the current state of mind of the formation of the space and the universe up to the first dominant species on earth, the Homo Sapiens. The second chapter - The Conquerism of the Land - sets in around 200 000 years ago, when our ancestors left africa to search new living space in the eurasian regions. The following neolithic and cognitive revolutions founds our settledness and the first conquerism of space. Because of this the first high cultures arose on different places on earth, the first settlements and cities were founded. Afterwards the first controlled borders and colonies formed the league of towns and impires of the greeks and romans, who tried to safe their conquered spaces. The third chapter - The Conquerism of the Water - is based on the daring travelogues of Marco Polo to the court of the great khan Kublai Khan. Until then the dictated geocentric worldview of the roman church was overthrown by the discovery of the american continent by Columbus. The conquerism of the water also meant the first steps of a globalization, the foundation of humanistic values and the explorism of the nature. Alexander von Humboldt and Charles Darwin have founded the ecology, the geology, the geography and the biology by their sea travels. In the meantime chapter four begins. By seafaring a pestrige race over the global imperialistic and colonistic dominance of the old world over the whole globe begins. The new sciences now lead to the industrial revolution, which again lead to the invention of the aircraft. The arming of aircrafts and the military aircraft lead to the first World War. In the fourth chapter - The Conquerism of the Air - the consequences of the world war, Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution and the commencing national states questioned the legitimacy of space ownership and its ethnical dependancy on a completly conquered globe. The ideology of living space by the National Socialists in Germany lead to the second World War. The fifth chapter - The Conquerism of the Orbit - attaches with the technological acquisition of the National Socialists. With their Vernichtungswaffe 2, a rocket fired weapon of mass destruction, they founded the space travel and the conquerism of earth’s orbit. After the second world war a bipolar world order set in, which was followed up by the first space race and the founding of the first space agencies.
Frontiers - Every era in mankind’s history is shaped by individuums that stood for exploration, technological advancements or led its culture into a new step in the process of civilization. The catalogue in german, six chapters, 240 pages, 2018, is available to download.